Content Area 9: The Pacific

  TEST SCHEDULED FOR THURSDAY, 9/22. It will cover Content Area 9 (Pacific Art) & Content Area 5 (Indigenous Americas Art)

- Click on the banner above for Essential Knowledge/Image Set. Remember, all image sets, handouts, lecture PowerPoints and assignments are available in Google Drive. 

  11 ARTWORKS - 4% of AP EXAM

   

      SmartHistory's Art of Oceania that includes articles on artworks, geography, and videos that are specific to Polynesia, Melanesia, and Mircronesia. Watch the video for the Buk mask.

  

KEY IDEAS

 
* Strong gender roles for creating art: Men = wood carving, women = tapa cloths
* Wood is the primary material: they have perfected woodcarving
* The use of natural materials such as fibers (plant materials), pigments, bones, sea ivory and shell, tortoise shell, wood, coral, and stone are very important to the meaning and symbolism of the artworks
* Intricate lines and details
* Art of Easter Island is unusual in Oceanic art
* Heavily influenced by the sea (point of isolation and connecting through travel and trade). 
* Art is in the form of performances, chants, dances, or rituals. Objects of dress/costumes or masks are used as props or disguises in religious rituals. They are not produced for aesthetic reasons.
* Sculptures representing life forces in the supernatural world are often wrapped (usually in tapa). The life force is referred to as mana. Mana is protected and defended by the act of wrapping called tapu.
* "Artworks" are displayed in the men's communal house.

 

QUICK HISTORY

* Some of the oldest inhabited areas on Earth (The Aboriginals reached Australia around 50,000 years ago)
* Some places only inhabited up to 1000 years ago (remote islands of the Pacific, Easter Island, New Zealand)
* We know about the culture of these areas because of explorations in the 18th century

 

Student Resources

* YouTube: End of Easter Island
* YouTube: Crash Course - Captain Cook
* Article (short) on Tamati Waka Nene from New Zealand History; Video included!
* Nat Geo interview with George Tamihana Nuku on Moko 
* From the Smithsonian: Article: "History of Tattoos"
* From the Smithonian: "Nan Madol" by Christopher Pala
* Nat Geo article on Australia's Aborigines (fantastic article)
* Video: The Ocean Shows Us the Way (navigation charts)
* Video: New Ireland's Malagan masks by St. Louis Art Museum and this one from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts * Presentation of Fijian mats to Queen Elizabeth II
* Documentary on the Moai statues by PBS
* Visit Khan Academy's SmartHistory AP Art History section on Pacific.
* Artwork List (in Google Drive PowerPoints)
* Q Cards & Snapshot Sheets with Images
* Vocabulary

 

 VIDEOS

      

  Mrs. McConnell's lecture on the Introduction to Pacific Art 

   

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
Thank you so much to Lynn Wilkinson, Mary McConnell, Valerie Park and Martha Kunz for all their quidance and resources.