Content Area 8: South, East, & Southeast Asia
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21 ARTWORKS - 8% of AP EXAM
TRIP PREP - CROW ASIAN COLLECTION
Read the following articles & prepare 6 specific questions (3 on each topic) you wish to ask our gracious guide (docent) on 10/20.
Blue and White Porcelain across cultures:
South, East, & Southeast Asia - Khan Academy
SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA
* Many different sects of Hinduism
* Belief in the infinite variety of the divine: nature, gods, humans
* Orthodox Hindus accept the Vedic (ancient Sanskrit) texts as divine (sacred scriptures)
* Vedic texts assign Brahmins (a caste of ritual specialists)
* Enlightenment, or reaching Moksha, ends the cycle, through good deeds and living a devotional life to charities, religious fervor, and love of all (karma).
Major Hindu gods
* Shiva, principal deity, dances to the destruction and rebirth of the world.
* Brahma, creator god
* Vishnu, preserver god
* Laksmi and Parvati, peaceful consorts
* Teaches individuals how to cope in the world full or misery.
* Buddha, Siddhartha, when he was a prince first, rejected worldly concerns and courtly life and decided to live in the country.
* Believes in reincarnation, a cycle of birth and rebirth.
* Enlightenment, or reaching Nirvana, ends the cycle, through good deeds and living a devotional life to charities, religious fervor, and love of all.
Common Themes of Buddism
* The Lion = Buddha's initial royalty
* The Wheel (chakra) = Buddha's law
* The Lotus = Buddha's pure nature
* Columns surrounds by a wheel = Buddha's teachings
* Empty throne, umbrella, footsteps, lone wheel, Bodhi tree = Buddha
* Indian Art stresses the interconnectiveness of all the arts: architecture, painting, and sculpture.
* Buddhist and Hindu philosophies form a background to Indian artistic thought.
* A blend of various people who invaded India create the unique culture.
PowerPoint - Key Ideas - Buddhist and Hindu Philosophies - Common Themes in Buddhism - Hindu gods - Artworks List - Vocabulary - Q card Images
* YouTube: Crash Course World History: Buddha and Ashoka
* YouTube: Sanci Stupa
* Hinduism vs. Buddhism
* Listen to this podcast from University of Texas at Austin about the sects of Buddhism.
* 15 Minute History that accompanies the above podcast
* Angkor Wat by Nat Geo
* Borobudur Temple Complex: UNESCO
* All about the Buddha by PBS
CHINA & KOREA
* Laozi and Confucius's philosophies filter through every part of the Chinese thinking including art.
* Daoism (meaning "the way", a journey that allows the pilgrim to wander meaningfully in self-expression) and Confucianism.
* Calligraphy is the most respected art form
* Artworks are usually in the form of handscrolls, hanging scrolls, fans, and album leaves.
* Courtyard style houses that express the philosophy about the family and social position.
* Artwork is divided into periods defined by dynasties.
* First Emperor Shih Huangdi, 3rd century BCE (unified China, codified written Chinese, standarized weights and measures, developed uniform currency, started the Great Wall)
* Height of ancient Chinese = Tang Dynasty (618-906CE)
* Ming Dynasty = Forbidden City
Q card Images
* YouTube video: Crash Course: China
* YouTube video: Forbidden City by NatGeo
* YouTube video: Ai Weiwei's Sunflower Seeds
Heilbrunn Timeline (by The Met): Chinese Calligraphy
Korean Art collection at LACMA
Forbidden City, 15th c., Bejiing - Front Gate, Hall of Supreme Harmony
Funeral Banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui), 180BCE
Travelers Among Mts. and Streams by Fan Kuan, c. 1000
Portrait of Sin Sukju, 1417-1475 (Korean)
Chairman Mao En Route to Anyuan, by Liu Chunhua, 1969
Army of Emperor Shi Huangdi, 221-209BCE, Lintong, China
Longmen Caves, 493-1127, Luoyang, China
Gold and jade crown (Korean), uncovered from Gyeongju
The David Vases, 1351
Yin & Yang
* One of the best preserved artistic traditions in the world
* Zen Buddhist thought dominates art traditions
* Ukiyo-e prints originally sold as a middle-class art form but became extremely influential in Europe in the 1800s
Q card Images
* YouTube video: Crash Course: Japan
* YouTube video: Hokusai's The Great Wave
* YouTube video: Ukiyo-e prints
Architecture and Sculpture
Todai-ji, 743, Nara, Japan including the Great - Buddha sculpture at this location
Great South Gate, 1181-1203
Ryoan-ji (rock garden, dry and wet), Kyoto
Night Attack on Sanjo Palace, c 1250-1300
White and Red Plum Blossoms by Ogata Korin, 1710-1716
Under the Great Wave off Kanagawa by Hokusai, 1830-1833
Influence of art of European paintings (need examples)
Haboku (splashed ink)
Thank you so much to Lynn Wilkinson, Mary McConnell, Valerie Park and Martha Kunz for all their quidance and resources.